Regardless of whether you are considering purchasing pallet racking, you need make sure that the system that will be the most appropriate for warehouse stock requirements.
Here are some important factor to consider before purchasement, all of which will ensure that you end up with the right pallet racking system.
Step 1: Size the Product
Measure the pallets: Start by measuring the width, depth and height of your pallets. You'll also want to keep a little space between pallets for forklift when loading and unloading the rack. Keep note of this measurement as the rest of the steps will rely on these figures.
Determine the max load weight: Also important is the weight of the max load you will be storing. Keep in mind, you must also include the weight of the pallet
Step 2: Select Beam and Upright Sizes
Determine shelf width: Now you will determine (based on the previous measurements) how wide your shelves need to be. For example, if you have a pallet size L0.8m*D1.2m, you have 3 pallets each layer,then you need at minimum a 2.7m beam.
Determine beam load capacity: Once you have the rack width established, you'll need to select the correct capacity beams for your load. Each shelf level will require two beams.
Determine upright height and depth: Choosing the uprights is as simple as figuring out how many shelf levels you want to have and using your pallet height to determine the needed upright height. Also keep in mind both load and total shelf capacities when choosing the correct upright. Upright depths will be strictly based on the depth of your pallets. You must keep the entire pallet load balanced on the front and rear rack beams.
Step 3: Add It Up
Determine quantities: Now you can determine the total number of beams and uprights you'll need for your planned storage system. Remember, you can use one upright as a connecter for multiple bays of rack. Two racks in a row can share a center upright as long as total shelf and upright capacities are within range.
Below you can see profile views of three separate pallet rack layout styles. At left is a single row of free standing pallet rack. Center is two rows of pallet rack setup back to back and tied together in the center. At right is a single row of pallet rack placed against a wall and tied to the wall using wall supports.